تالیفات

 

Clinical Manifestattion Of Behcet’s Disease.

Authers: A. Jamshidi, F. Shahram, A. Nadji, H. Chams, M. Akbarian, F. Gharibdoost, C. Chams, F. Davatchi

Abstract: Objectives: Behcet's disease (BD) is a multi-system disease. We present here the various clinical aspects of BD based on the data of 4586 Iranian patients. The male to female ratio was 1.17/l. The mean age at the onset of the disease was 26 yr (SD:9.6, CI:0.3). The mean disease duration was 9 yr (SD:7), and the mean follow up time was 3 yr (SD:3.8). As the first manifestation of the ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

THE EFFECT OF COMBINED DRUG TREATMENT USING CHLOROQUINE AND METHOTREXATE ON THE STATUS OF ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF PLASMA IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.

Authers: S. Sorooh. P. Pasalar, M. Samini, H. Tootoonchi, A. Nadimifarokh

Abstract: Introduction: Oxygen free radicals that are generated mainly through the phagocytic activity of the polymorphonuclear leucocytea have been implicated as mediators of tissue damage in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Accordingly low levels of antioxidants, which increase free radical activity, are clearly associated with an increased risk of RA. Methods: Of 24 patients who entered the study 14 patients were excluded because they failed regular follow up. The analysis was ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

EXPERIENCE IN IRAN WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BEHCETS DISEASE (BD).

Authers: F. Davatchi, F. Shahram, C. Chams, H. Chams, A. Nadji, A. Jamshidi, M. Akbarian, F. Gharibdoost

Abstract: Pattern of Rheumatic Diseases in Iran: They have the same frequency and the same pattern as in Western countries. A study from 1993 demonstrated a prevalence of 32.6% among adults (31.4% in the USA, Cunningham 1984). Inflammatory disorders counted for 11% of all rheumatic diseases. The ratio of RA to AS was 8/1 (7/1 in USA), and SLE to Scleroderma 3.5/1 (3.6/1 in USA). Psoriatic arthritis and Reiter's syndrome were ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

THE ACCURACY OF IBDDAM (IRAN BEHCET'S DISEASE DYNAMIC ACTIVITY MEASURE) IN THE TREATMENT EVALUATION OF BEHCET'S DISEASE.

Authers: A. Jamshidi, F. Shahram, M. Akbarian, F. Gharibdoost, A. Nadji, C. Chams, F. Davatchi

Abstract: Introduction: Behcet's Disease (BD) is characterized by recurrent attacks and remissions, making difficult the assessment of the treatment's result. Moreover, the remission period between the attacks is not the same and may vary from one attack to another. The attack periods are not always the same and may vary in severity, or extent of organ involvement. Iran Behcet's Disease Dynamic Activity Measure (IBDDAM) takes in account all of these parameters ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

Immunopathogenesis Of Behcet's Disease.

Authers: F. Shahram, F. Davatchi.

Abstract: Objectives: The etiology and pathogenesis of Behcet's disease (BD) are still unknown. It seems that in a special genetic background exogenous or endogenous antigen(s) acts as trigger in up regulating and presenting the pathogenic epitope. The immune system reacts in an abnormal way, by inducing a cascade of cytokines and chemokines to stimulate innate immune responses, leading to the lesions of the disease. Genetic background: The major susceptibility gene is the ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

­LARGE VESSEL MANIFESTATIONS OF BEHCET’S DISEASE,REPORT OF 377 CASES.

Authers: F. Shahram, A. Nadji, M. Akbarian, A. Jamshidi, F. Gharibdoost, F. Davatchi

Abstract: Introduction: Large vessel involvement is one of the hallmarks of Behcet's disease (BD). Like the other manifestations of the disease, its prevalence differs due to ethnic variation and environmental factors. The aim of this study is to find the characteristics of vasculo Behcet in Iran. Materials & Methods: In a cohort of 4429 patients with BD, those with vascular involvement were selected (VB). Different manifestations of the disease were compared with ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

LONG-TERM OUTCOME OF VISION IN BEHCET'S DISEASE.

Authers: F. Davatchi, F. Shahram, H. Chams, A. Nadji, A. Jamshidi, C. Chams, M. Akbarian, F. Gharibdoost

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The natural history of ocular lesions in Behcet's Disease (BD) is gradual progressions of lesions toward severe loss of vision or blindness. The association of cytotoxic drugs and steroids has dramatically changed the outcome. However, some authors still believe that the improvement is temporary and in the long run (10 years) the eyes progress toward blindness no matter what treatment was applied. The aim of this study was to ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

LONG-TERM OUTCOME OF VISION IN BEHCET’S DISEASE.

Authers: F. Davatchi, F. Shahram, H. Chams, A. Nadji, A.Jamshidi, C. Chams, M. Akbarian, F. Gharibdoost

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The natural history of ocular lesions Behcet’s Disease (BD) is gradual progressions of lesions toward severe loss of vision or blindness. The association of cytotoxic drugs and steroids has dramatically changed the outcome. However, some authors still believe that the improvement is temporary and in the long run (10 years) the eyes progress toward blindness no matter what treatment was applied. The aim of this study was to address ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

Cardiac Involvement in Behcet's Disease, A Case Control Study.

Authers: F. Shahram, M. Eslami, B. Shakoori, M. Haydari, A. Nadj, A. Jamshidi, F. Davatchi

Abstract: Background: Cardiac involvement is not a common feature of Behcet's disease (BD), but may be a sign for poor prognosis. There are only few case reports in the literature and the prevalence of cardiac involvement in BD is not exactly known. Our study was designed to find the prevalence and characteristics of cardiac involvement in Iranian patients with BD. Methods: All new cases referred to Behcet's clinic ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

Ocular Lesions Of Behcet's Disease.

Authers: H. Chams, F. Shahram, A. Jamshidi, A. Nadji, F. Davatchi

Abstract: Objectives: The ocular manifestations of Behcet's disease (BD) are very frequent involving approximately 60% of BD patients. These lesions consist mainly of uveitis (anterior, posterior, or panuveitis that are present in almost all the BD patients with ocular involvement) and necrotizing vasculitis of the retina. In a randomized survey carried on 1812 patients with Ocular-Behcet the prevalence of different ocular signs were as follow: Hypopion 8.7%, glaucoma 8.5%, cataract 70%, ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

SACROILIITIS IN BEHCET'S DISEASE, A RADIOLOGIC STUDY.

Authers: A. Nadji, F. Shahram, M. Shabani, A. Jamshidi, L. Shenavar, F. Davatchi

Abstract: Introduction: The association of Behcet's disease (BD) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is still a controversial subject. As the presence of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) involvement is an essential criterion in the diagnosis of AS, we decided to determine the prevalence of SIJ involvement in BD and compare it with control group. Materials & Methods: We selected randomly 199 BD patients and 168 non-­BD cases (CG), in a 12 month period (between April ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

The Study Of Osteoporotic Femoral Neck Fractures In The Hospitals Of Tehran In 1380.

Authers: F. Gharibdoust, H. Golshahi, R. Kiani, A. Mohammadi Rad, S. Nafei

Abstract: AIM and BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a health growing problem among senile .About 25 millions of people in the USA are suffering from osteoporosis who are dominantly women .The probability of women to men ratio is 5 to 1. There are more than 1.5 millions bone fractures because of osteoporosis that 300000 of them are at hip, 200000 at wrist and 500000 at vertebrae column. Hip fracture has the highest mortality ... سال انتشار: 2001
 

Treatment of Ocular Lesions of Behcet’s Disease.

Authers: F. Davatchi, F. Shahram, H. Shams, A. Jamshidi

Abstract: Purpose: Cytotoxic drugs are the main therapeutic agents. A comparative study of 8 different therapeutic methods in 1220 cases is presented here. Materials & Methods: In an open, non-randomized control study, Pulse Cyclophosphamide (PCP), low dose PCP (LDP), oral cyclophosphamide ( OCP), weakly methotrexate ( MTX), chlorambucil ( CHL), cyclosporine A ( CYA), azathioprine (AZA), and combination therapy with LDP and MTX (COM) were used. Mean Duration: Ocular manifestations in months. FU: ... سال انتشار: 2001