تالیفات

The effects of team-based learning on learning outcomes in a course of rheumatology  

The effects of team-based learning on learning outcomes in a course of rheumatology

مولف: SEYEDEH TAHEREH FAEZI1, KAMRAN MORADI1, 2, ALI GHAFAR RAHIMI AMIN3, MASSOOMEH AKHLAGHI1, FATEMEH KESHMIRI4*

خلاصه: Introduction: We evaluated the effects of implementing Team- Based Learning (TBL) on student engagement, accountability, satisfaction, and preference for lecture or team-based learning. Moreover, we assessed the effect of TBL on knowledge retention and application over time through short answer questions based on clinical scenarios addressing history taking and diagnosis skills in medical students. Methods: The study was conducted in a quasi-experimental design. The study population were all of the third-year medical students (n=84) participating in a course of ... سال انتشار: 2018
Relationship between vitamin D plasma level and Foxp3 gene expression among rheumatoid arthritis patients  

Relationship between vitamin D plasma level and Foxp3 gene expression among rheumatoid arthritis patients

مولف: Zafari P.1, 2, Mostafaei Sh.3, Iranshahi N.1, 2, Jalili S.4, Taghadosi M., PhD5

خلاصه: Background and Aim: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease. It seems that the function of regulatory T cells (Tregs) is compromised in RA. Foxp3 is a critical transcription factor of these cells. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of vitamin D plasma level with Foxp3 gene expression in the patients with RA. Material and Methods: 18 untreated RA patients and 41 healthy people participated in this study. Plasma levels of ... سال انتشار: 2018
Relapsing Polychondritis and Hematuria: A Case Report  

Relapsing Polychondritis and Hematuria: A Case Report

مولف: Mojtaba Fazel1, Zeinab Kavyani2, Masoome Sadat Sadeghzadeh1, Maassoumeh Akhlaghi3

خلاصه: Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is very rare inflammatory disorder characterized by episodic, progressive, and destructive courses affecting cartilages. Renal involvement also is very rare presenting sign in these patients. It has seldom been described in children. We describe an 11-yearold girl with RP and complaint of frequent episodes of hematuria, and dysuria with fever and periorbital edema that auricular cartilage involvement appeared after renal involvement. Renal involvement in the setting of RP is سال انتشار: 2018
Prevalence of influenza A infection in the Middle-East: A systematic review and meta-analysis  

Prevalence of influenza A infection in the Middle-East: A systematic review and meta-analysis

مولف: Mohsen Moghoofei1 | Seyed Hamidreza Monavari2 | Shayan Mostafaei3, 4 | Shima Hadifar5, 6 | Amir Ghasemi7 | Farhad Babaei1 | Hoda Kavosi4 | Ahmad Tavakoli2 | Davod Javanmard2 | Maryam Esghaei2 | Nilofar Khodabandehlou8

خلاصه: Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine the prevalence rate of influenza virus from different parts of Middle East region, and present an overall relative frequency (RF) for this region. Methods: The authors performed a systematic literature review from several reliable databases such as PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Scopus during 2000–2016. Furthermore, the keywords of this research were ‘Influenza’, ‘Subtype’, ‘Seroprevalence’, ‘Incidence’, ‘Seroepidemiology’, ‘H1N1’, ‘H3N2’, ‘H5N1’, ‘H9N2’, ‘Middle- East’ and ‘Meta-analysis’. The ... سال انتشار: 2018
Paediatric Behçet’s disease in Iran: report of 204 cases  

Paediatric Behçet’s disease in Iran: report of 204 cases

مولف: F. Shahram1, A. Nadji1, M. Akhlaghi1, S.T. Faezi1, C. Chams-Davatchi1, 2, H. Shams1, 3, S. Z. Ghodsi1, 2, F. Davatchi1

خلاصه: ABSTRACT Objectives. This study proposed to report the characteristics of paediatric Behçet’s disease (PED-BD) in a cohort of patients from Iran’s registry and compare them with different reports throughout the world. Methods. From a cohort of 7504 Iranian patients with Behçet’s disease those diagnosed before the age of 16 years were included in this study. Data were collected on a standard protocol comprising 105 items, including demographic features, type of presentation, and different clinical and laboratory findings. سال انتشار: 2018
microRNAs 29, 150, 155, 223 level and their relation to viral and immunological markers in HIV-1 infected naive patients  

microRNAs 29, 150, 155, 223 level and their relation to viral and immunological markers in HIV-1 infected naive patients

مولف: Mohsen Moghoofei1, Farah Bokharaei-Salim1, 2, Maryam Esghaei1, Hossein Keyvani1, Maryam Honardoost3, Shayan Mostafaei4, 5, Amir Ghasemi6, Ahmad Tavakoli1, Davod Javanmard1, Farhad Babaei7, Saba Garshasbi2 & Seyed Hamidreza Monavari*,

خلاصه: Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between microRNAs and viral and immunological markers in HIV-1 infection. Materials & methods: The expression level of miRNAs was evaluated in 60 HIV- 1 patients and 20 healthy controls using real-time PCR assays. Results: The results showed that among all miRNAs, miR-29 and miR-150 were significantly downregulated in HIV-1 patients compared with healthy controls, while miR-155 and miR-223 were significantly upregulated compared with ... سال انتشار: 2018
Ankylosing spondylitis monocyte-derived macrophages express increased level of A2A adenosine receptor and decreased level of ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (CD39), A1 and A2B adenosine receptors  

Ankylosing spondylitis monocyte-derived macrophages express increased level of A2A adenosine receptor and decreased level of ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (CD39), A1 and A2B adenosine receptors

مولف: Maryam Akhtari1 & Seyed Jalal Zargar1 & Mahdi Mahmoudi2 & Mahdi Vojdanian2 & Alireza Rezaeimanesh3 & Ahmadreza Jamshidi2

خلاصه: Macrophages play an important role in the ankylosing spondylitis (AS) auto-inflammatory responses and fibrocartilage destruction. Adenosine is a key modulator of inflammatory conditions. The various effects of adenosine are mediated by its interaction with adenosine receptors (AR). In this study, we investigated the mRNA expression ofA1, A2A, A2B, andA3 adenosine receptors, ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (CD39), and ecto-5′-nucleotidase (CD73) in the monocyte-derived macrophages from AS patients in comparison to healthy controls. We also explored the ... سال انتشار: 2018
 

The association of pathergy reaction and active clinical presentations of Behçet’s disease

مولف: Shirin Assar1, Bahar Sadeghi2, Fereydoun Davatchi2, Seyyedeh Zahra Ghodsi2, Abdolhadi Nadji2, Farhad Shahram2, Farimah Ashofte2, Seyyedeh Roghieh Larimi2, Masoud Sadeghi3

خلاصه: Objectives: The pathergy skin test is a hypersensitivity reaction to a prick skin trauma caused by a pin or a needle, which is considered as a specific presentation in Behçet’s disease (BD) and the precise mechanism of this test is not well elucidated. This study was designed to evaluate the association of pathergy reaction (PR) with the active clinical manifestations of BD patients, to assess the clinical importance of PR. Materials and methods: This was ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Prospective study of articular manifestations in Behcet’s disease: five-year report

مولف: Alimohammad FATEMI, 1, 2 Farhad SHAHRAM, 2 Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, 2 Abbas SMILEY, 3 Abdolhadi NADJI2 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI

خلاصه: Aim: To evaluate different aspects of articular involvements (prevalence, types, relation to extra-articular manifestations, etc.) in Iranian patients with Behcet’s disease (BD). Methods: In a prospective study, all patients with BD attending an outpatient BD clinic were enrolled. The type of articular involvements (peripheral or axial), involved joints, duration of attacks and their relation to extraarticular manifestations, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B5 and HLA-B27 were evaluated. Data analysis was done by using descriptive statistical indices such ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Promoter hypermethylation of BCL11B gene correlates with downregulation of gene transcription in ankylosing spondylitis patients

مولف: J Karami1, M Mahmoudi2, A Amirzargar1, M Gharshasbi3, A Jamshidi2, S Aslani1, 2 and MH Nicknam1

خلاصه: Methylation of DNA is one of the important regulatory mechanisms of gene transcription. B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/ lymphoma 11B (BCL11B) plays a key role in the development, proliferation, differentiation, and survival of T cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate promoter methylation of BCL11B gene and its mRNA level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients in relation to healthy controls and evaluate their correlation with diseases ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Pro-inflammatory cytokine single nucleotide polymorphisms in Kawasaki disease

مولف: Raheleh ASSARI, 1, 2 Yahya AGHIGHI, 3 Vahid ZIAEE, 1, 2 Maryam SADR, 4 Farzaneh RAHMANI, 5 Arezou REZAEI, 5 Zeinab SADR, 4 Mohammad Hassan MORADINEJAD, 2 Seyed Reza RAEESKARAMI6 and Nima REZAEI

خلاصه: Aim: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis of children associated with cardiovascular sequelae. Proinflammatory cytokines play a major role in KD pathogenesis. However, their role is both influenced and modified by regulatory T-cells. IL-1 gene cluster, IL-6 and TNF-a polymorphisms have shown significant associations with some vasculitides. Herein we investigated their role in KD. Methods: Fifty-five patients with KD who were randomly selected from referrals to the main pediatric hospital were enrolled in this ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Prevalence of respiratory viruses in Iranian patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

مولف: Hossein Keyvani, 1 Mohsen Moghoofei, 2 Farah Bokharaei-Salim, 1, 3 Shayan Mostafaei, 4 Seyed-Ali Javad Mousavi, 5 Seyed Hamidreza Monavari1 and Maryam Esghaei1, *

خلاصه: Introduction. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and ultimately fatal lung disease. One of the risk factors involved in the acquisition of IPF is viral infections, especially respiratory viruses. In the present study, we investigated the detection of respiratory viruses and the possible relationship between these viruses and IPF. Methods. This cross-sectional study was supported by the Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran. A total of 40 respiratory samples (five nasopharyngeal ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Prevalence of Influenza A Infection in the Middle-East: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

مولف: Mohsen Moghoofei1, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari2, Shayan Mostafaei3, 4, Shima Hadifar5, 6, Amir Ghasemi7, Farhad Babaei1, Hoda Kavosi5, Ahmad Tavakoli2 , Davod Javanmard2, Maryam Esghaei2*, Nilofar Khodabandehlou8*

خلاصه: Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine the prevalence rate of influenza virus from different parts of Middle East region, and present an overall relative frequency (RF) for this region. Methods: The authors performed a systematic literature review from several reliable databases such as PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Scopus during 2000–2016. Furthermore, the keywords of this research were “Influenza”, “Subtype”, “Seroprevalence”, “Incidence”, “Seroepidemiology”, “H1N1”, “H3N2”, “H5N1”, “H9N2”, “Middle-East”, and “Metaanalysis”. The reported ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen among hemodialysis patients from Middle Eastern countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

مولف: Ahmad Tavakoli1, 2, Mohsen Moghoofei3, 4, Shayan Mostafaei5, 6, Hadi Ghaffari2, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari2 & Seyed Moayed Alavian*,

خلاصه: Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the overall prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among hemodialysis patients reported from the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office of the WHO (EMRO) countries and the Middle East. Methods: Several databases such as PubMed, ISI Web of Science, MEDLINE and Scopus were searched for publications reporting HBsAg prevalence among hemodialysis patients up to December 2016. Results: From all the samples, the pooled prevalence of HBsAg was ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Prevalence and Clinical Investigation of the Behcet’s Disease in Middle East and North Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

مولف: Mohammadtaghi Palizgir, 1 Mahdi Mahmoudi, 1 Mostafa Qorbani, 2 Shirin Djalalinia, 3 Shayan Mostafaei, 4 and Farhad Shahram1, *

خلاصه: Context: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine the prevalence (by overall relative frequency) and clinical information of the Behcet’s disease in Middle East and north Africa (MENA) and it has an important effect on the health policy and performing complementary studies in future. Evidence Acquisition: We performed this systematic literature review from several databases including PubMed, Scopus and ISI Web of Science according to search strategy with two filters, place (MENA ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

PDCD1 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Iranian Patients With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

مولف: Mahdi Mahmoudi1, 2, Alireza Rezaiemanesh1, 3, Sara Harsini4, 5, Arash Salmaninejad6, Shiva Poursani1, Tayyeb Bahrami7, Vahid Ziaee8, 9, and Nima Rezaei3, 5, 6

خلاصه: Abstract- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a clinically heterogeneous cluster of complex diseases, in which both the genetic and environmental factors seem to play a role in the development of the disease. The current study aims to assess the association of programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1, also called PD-1) gene variants with JIA vulnerability in Iranian population. In this case-control association study, we investigated a group of 50 Iranian patients ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Macrophages from Behcet's Disease Patients Express Decreased Level of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AHR) mRNA

مولف: Mohammad Taghi Palizgir1, Maryam Akhtari1, 2, Mahdi Mahmoudi1, Shayan Mostafaei1, Alireza Rezaeimanesh3, Massoomeh Akhlaghi1, and Farhad Shahram1

خلاصه: Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, connecting environmental stimulators with the immune system. M1 macrophages are a part of immune system that contribute to the inflammatory events in the pathogenesis of Behcet's disease (BD). The effect of AHR on the macrophages in BD patients is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the mRNA expression of AHR in the monocyte-derived and M1 macrophages in active BD patients ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Hyaline Fibromatosis Syndrome: A Novel Mutation and Recurrent Founder Mutation in the CMG2/ ANTXR2 Gene

مولف: Leila Youssefian1, 2#, Hassan Vahidnezhad1, 3#, Yahya Aghighi4#, Vahid Ziaee4, 5#, Sirous Zeinali3, 6, Maryam Abiri2, 3 and Jouni Uitto1

خلاصه: Hyaline Fibromatosis Syndrome (HFS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder affecting primarily skin and mucous membranes. Skin appears thickened with subcutaneous nodules, associated with swollen joint contractures, red hyperpigmentation and gingival hyperplasia. Additional findings include osteopenia and osteoporosis, and the affected children are susceptible to infections and protein losing enteropathy (1). Histopathology of skin lesions shows proliferation of spindle-shaped cells, embedded in a homogeneous hyaline-like material, and biochemical alterations in type I and VI collagens as well as in glycosaminoglycans have ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Epigenetic involvement in etiopathogenesis and implications in treatment of systemic lupus erythematous

مولف: Arron Munggela Foma1 • Saeed Aslani1, 2 • Jafar Karami2, 3 • Ahmadreza Jamshidi2 • Mahdi Mahmoudi

خلاصه: Abstract Background Recent researches in the field of genetics have extended our knowledge through the discovery of genetic factors associated with autoimmune diseases (AID). Genetics by itself, however, cannot elucidate all the uncertainties encountered in the etiopathology of AID. On the other hand, incomplete harmony in the prevalence of AID in identical twins suggests that non-genetic factors may play an important role in determining the disease susceptibility. Besides, epigenetics, which is defined by changes in gene expression without a corresponding change ... سال انتشار: 2017
Effects of a Continuous Care Model on Patients’ Knowledge and Health-Related Quality of Life in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus  

Effects of a Continuous Care Model on Patients’ Knowledge and Health-Related Quality of Life in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Authers: Mohammad Sahebalzamani1, PhD, Hojjatollah Farahani2, PhD, Mojgan Tabatabaee Jamarani1, MSc, Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi3, MD, Kamran Moradi3, MD & Pedram Paragomi3, MD

Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of applying continuous care model (CCM) on the knowledge level and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and their perceptions of family awareness about the disease. Design: Continuous care model was implemented for 3 months on 34 SLE patients, in a pretest–posttest quasi-experimental design. Methods: Two sets of questionnaires were designed for knowledge assessment. HRQoL was assessed by SF-36 questionnaires. Analysis ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Downregulation of Aquaporin3 in Systemic Sclerosis Dermal Fibroblasts

مولف: Bahman Yousefi1, 2, Mahdi Mahmoudi1, Abdolfattah Sarafnejad2, Elham Karimizadeh1, Elham Farhadi3, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi1, Hoda Kavosi1, Saeed Aslani1, and Farhad Gharibdoost1

خلاصه: Skin dryness and thickening are hallmarks of systemic sclerosis (SSc) disease. Aquaporins (AQPs) are plasma membrane proteins that transport glycerol and water, resulting in water retention and skin hydration. Expression of AQPs has been evaluated in human normal skin. However, expression of these proteins in SSc dermal fibroblasts has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to assess the expression profile of AQPs in dermal fibroblasts of ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Behavioral Problems in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Controlled Study to Examine the Risk of Psychopathology in a Chronic Pediatric Disorder

مولف: Amir Hossein Memari, 1 Elham Chamanara, 2 Vahid Ziaee, 3, 4 Ramin Kordi, 1, 5 and Seyed-Reza Raeeskarami4, 6

خلاصه: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) which consists of a heterogeneous group of chronic disorders (e.g., oligoarthritis, polyarthritis, and systemic arthritis) is an autoimmune, noninfectious inflammation of joints’ synovial membrane and connective tissues that lastsmore than 6 weeks [1, 2].The disorder has been identified all over the world in nearly all races and ethnicities with an average prevalence rate of 1 to 2 per 1,000 children [3]. Some children may experience JIA symptoms for only a few months while others ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Association of STAT4 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms with Iranian juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus patients

مولف: Arash Salmaninejad1, 2, Mahdi Mahmoudi1, 3, Saeed Aslani1, 3, Shiva Poursani1, Vahid Ziaee4, 5, Nima Rezaei6, 7, 8

خلاصه: SUMMARY: Salmaninejad A, Mahmoudi M, Aslani S, Poursani S, Ziaee V, Rezaei N. Association of STAT4 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms with Iranian juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 144-149. Juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) is a complex autoimmune disease, characterized by multi-organ involvement. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) gene have been reported to have relationship with the risk of ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Association Between IL6-174 G/C Polymorphism and Graves' Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

مولف: Danyal Imani1, Ramazan Rezaei1, Bahman Razi2, Shahab Alizadeh3, and Mahdi Mahmoudi4, 5

خلاصه: Abstract- Several studies have evaluated the association between interleukin-6 (IL-6) -174 G/C polymorphism and Graves' disease (GD); however, the results have been inconsistent. In the current study, a meta-analysis was performed to assess the association of IL6 -174 G/C polymorphism with Graves' disease. Medline, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases were searched to identify all eligible studies published before August 2016. Odds ratios (ORs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

A Multidisciplinary Workplace Intervention for Chronic Low Back Pain among Nursing Assistants in Iran

Authers: Sarallah Shojaei1, 2, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian1, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi3, Joan Wagner4

Abstract: Study Design: Interventional research with a 6-month follow-up period. Purpose: We aimed to establish the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary workplace intervention on reduction of work-related low back pain (WRLBP), using ergonomic posture training coupled with an educational program based on social cognitive theory. Overview of Literature: WRLBP is a major occupational problem among healthcare workers, who are often required to lift heavy loads. Patient handling is a particular requirement of nurse aides, and has ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Cost-EffectivenessAnalysisofTocilizumabinComparisonwith Infliximab inIranianRheumatoidArthritisPatientswith Inadequate ResponsetotDMARDs:AMultistageMarkovModel

Authers: Amir Hashemi-Meshkini, PharmD1, ShekoufehNikfar, PharmD, PhD1, ElizabethGlaser, MS, MA2, Ahmadreza Jamshidi, MD3, SeyedAlirezaHosseini, PharmD, PhD1, 4, *

Abstract: To analyzethecost-effectivenessoftwocommontreat- ment strategiesinIran,comparinginfliximab plusmethotrexatewith tocilizumab plusmethotrexateinpatientswithrheumatoidarthritis with inadequateresponsetotraditionaldisease-modifyinganti- rheumatic drugs. Methods: A multistageMarkovdecisionmodel was appliedtoassesstheincrementalcost-effectivenessratio(ICER) of atocilizumab-containingregimenversusaninfliximab-containing regimen overa5-yeartimeperiod.Inthecaseofnoresponse,we assumed thatpatientsswitchedtothenexttreatment(adalimumab, rituximab, orsupportivecare)insequenceforeachstrategy.We consideredmajorcostitems,suchasdirectmedicalcostsanddirect nonmedical costs,fromapayer(patientsandthird-partypayers) perspective.Adeterministicsensitivityanalysiswasconductedto assess therobustnessofthemodelresultsovertheuncertaintyofkey parameters. Results: In thebase-caseanalysis,theICERofthe tocilizumab-containingregimenwasUS$60,800perquality-adjusted life-year ascomparedtotheinfliximab-containingregimen.In the sensitivityanalysis,changesinthepriceofthedrugsby generic substitution,inutilityscores,andindiscountratedidnot change ouroverallconclusions.Amongallinputstotheprimary study andthesensitivityanalyses,however,thepriceoftocili- zumab hadthemostimpactontheICER. Conclusions: Although tocilizumab andmethotrexateprovidealargergaininquality- adjusted life-years,theircurrentpriceisquitehighascomparedwith those ofourotherinterventions.Therefore,aregimencontaining tocilizumab isnotcost-effectiveascomparedwithaninfliximab- containingregimenforpatientswithrheumatoidarthritisinIran. Keywords: cost-effectiveness,infliximab, Iran,rheumatoidarthritis, tocilizumab. سال انتشار: 2015