تالیفات

Paediatric Behçet’s disease in Iran: report of 204 cases  

Paediatric Behçet’s disease in Iran: report of 204 cases

مولف: F. Shahram1, A. Nadji1, M. Akhlaghi1, S.T. Faezi1, C. Chams-Davatchi1, 2, H. Shams1, 3, S. Z. Ghodsi1, 2, F. Davatchi1

خلاصه: ABSTRACT Objectives. This study proposed to report the characteristics of paediatric Behçet’s disease (PED-BD) in a cohort of patients from Iran’s registry and compare them with different reports throughout the world. Methods. From a cohort of 7504 Iranian patients with Behçet’s disease those diagnosed before the age of 16 years were included in this study. Data were collected on a standard protocol comprising 105 items, including demographic features, type of presentation, and different clinical and laboratory findings. سال انتشار: 2018
 

Downregulation of Autophagy-Related Genes in Macrophages From Patients With Behcet’s Disease

مولف: Mohammad Taghi Palizgir1, Maryam Akhtari1, 2, Farhad Shahram1*, Shayan Mostafaei1, Maassoomeh Akhlaghi1, Soheila Sobhani1, Mahdi Mahmoudi1*

خلاصه: Objective: Overwhelming inflammatory chemokines and cytokines characterize the immunological profile and inflammatory settings of Behcet disease (BD). The connection between autophagy-related genes (ATGs) and various perspectives of innate and adaptive immunobiology such as antigen presentation, immune tolerance, lymphocyte development and differentiation, cytokine signaling, and inflammation have been implicated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mRNA expression profile of ATGs in macrophages of patients with BD. Materials and Methods: ... سال انتشار: 2018
 

The association of pathergy reaction and active clinical presentations of Behçet’s disease

مولف: Shirin Assar1, Bahar Sadeghi2, Fereydoun Davatchi2, Seyyedeh Zahra Ghodsi2, Abdolhadi Nadji2, Farhad Shahram2, Farimah Ashofte2, Seyyedeh Roghieh Larimi2, Masoud Sadeghi3

خلاصه: Objectives: The pathergy skin test is a hypersensitivity reaction to a prick skin trauma caused by a pin or a needle, which is considered as a specific presentation in Behçet’s disease (BD) and the precise mechanism of this test is not well elucidated. This study was designed to evaluate the association of pathergy reaction (PR) with the active clinical manifestations of BD patients, to assess the clinical importance of PR. Materials and methods: This was ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Prospective study of articular manifestations in Behcet’s disease: five-year report

مولف: Alimohammad FATEMI, 1, 2 Farhad SHAHRAM, 2 Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, 2 Abbas SMILEY, 3 Abdolhadi NADJI2 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI

خلاصه: Aim: To evaluate different aspects of articular involvements (prevalence, types, relation to extra-articular manifestations, etc.) in Iranian patients with Behcet’s disease (BD). Methods: In a prospective study, all patients with BD attending an outpatient BD clinic were enrolled. The type of articular involvements (peripheral or axial), involved joints, duration of attacks and their relation to extraarticular manifestations, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B5 and HLA-B27 were evaluated. Data analysis was done by using descriptive statistical indices such ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

High-dose intravenous steroid pulse therapy in ocular involvement of Behcet’s disease: a pilot double-blind control study

مولف: Mastaneh MOHAMMADI, 1 Farhad SHAHRAM, 1 Hormoz SHAMS, 1, 2 Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, 1 Farimah ASHOFTEH1 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI1

خلاصه: Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of intravenous high-dose pulses of methylprednisolone (IVPM) for treatment of ocular involvement in Behcet’s disease (BD). Method: In a double-blind control study, we randomized BD patients with posterior uveitis (PU) and/or retinal vasculitis (RV) into two groups. They received either IVPM (1000 mg methylprednisolone) or placebo for 3 consecutive days. Both groups received combination therapy with IV cyclophosphamide, azathioprine and prednisolone for 6 months. Visual acuity (VA), Disease Activity Index ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Behcet’s Disease: Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis

مولف: Fereydoun Davatchi, Cheyda Chams-davatchi, Hormoz Shams, Farhad Shahram, Abdolhadi Nadji, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Tahreh Faezi, Zahra Ghodsi, Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi, Farimah Ashofteh, Negin Mohtasham, Hoda Kavosi & Mariam Masoumi

خلاصه: Introduction: Behcet’s Disease (BD) is classified among vasculitides. The aim of this review was to put together different known reports in order to help the reader to better understand the disease, to avoid the frequent misdiagnosis, and to decide the best treatment. Areas covered: a) Epidemiology: BD is rare, and is seen along the Silk Road, from 20 to 420/100,000 in Turkey and 80/100,000 in Iran, to 0.64/100,000 in the UK. b) Clinical manifestations: oral ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Which Criteria to use for the Diagnosis of Behcet’s Disease: International Study Group (ISG) Criteria or International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (ICBD)?

مولف: Davatchi F*, Sadeghi Abdollahi B, Shahram F, Nadji A, Chams-Davatchi C, Faezi T, Shams H, Akhlaghi M, Ghodsi Z, Ashofteh F, Mohtasham N, Kavosi H and Masoumi M

خلاصه: 299-308. Editorial It is interesting to note that Behcet’s Disease (BD) is one of those diseases which had an early diagnostic criteria (9 years after its official recognition, with the Curth criteria in 1946), having one of the largest number of classification/diagnosis criteria (17 sets, in 70 years, till 2016), among them only 2 real International Criteria (ISG and ICBD), and having one of the largest international participation (27 countries for ICBD). The ISG criteria were created by ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Headache in Behcet’s disease: types and characteristics

Authers: Maryam Moghaddassi1, Mansoureh Togha2, 3*, Farhad Shahram1, Hamed Hanif4, Sahar Dadkhah5, Soodeh Razeghi Jahromi6 and Mohammad Mozafari2

Abstract: Behcet’s disease involves several systems in the body. Neurological involvement is identified by different symptoms. Headache is one of the common complaints of patients with Behcet’s disease. It might be a part of neurological involvement or may arise independently in the course of disease. Studies with small sample size have resulted in various findings in this field. Since the prevalence of Behcet’s disease is relatively high in Iran, this study was carried out to ... سال انتشار: 2016
 

Headache in Behcet’s disease: types and characteristics

Authers: Maryam Moghaddassi1, Mansoureh Togha2, 3*, Farhad Shahram1, Hamed Hanif4, Sahar Dadkhah5, Soodeh Razeghi Jahromi6 and Mohammad Mozafari2

Abstract: Behcet’s disease involves several systems in the body. Neurological involvement is identified by different symptoms. Headache is one of the common complaints of patients with Behcet’s disease. It might be a part of neurological involvement or may arise independently in the course of disease. Studies with small sample size have resulted in various findings in this field. Since the prevalence of Behcet’s disease is relatively high in Iran, this study was carried out to ... سال انتشار: 2016
 

Consensus classification criteria for paediatric Behçet’s disease from a prospective observational cohort: PEDBD

Authers: Isabelle Koné-Paut, 1 Fahrad Shahram, 2 Martha Darce-Bello, 1 Luca Cantarini, 3 Rolando Cimaz, 4 Marco Gattorno, 5 Jordi Anton, 6 Michael Hofer, 7 Bouchra Chkirate, 8 Kenza Bouayed, 9 Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, 10 Jasmin Kuemmerle-Deschner, 11 Hélène Agostini,

Abstract: We aimed to describe the main features of Behçet’s disease (BD) in children in the largest prospective cohort to date and to propose a classification. Methods An international expert consensus group was formed to define a data set of minimal symptoms for the inclusion of patients. Patients were entered prospectively during 66 months. Experts classified patients on a consensus basis. The concordance of two international classifications was analysed in confirmed patients with BD. Comparisons of subgroups of patients helped define consensus ... سال انتشار: 2015
 

Which Criteria to use for the Diagnosis of Behcet’s Disease: International Study Group (ISG) Criteria or International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (ICBD)?

Authers: Davatchi F*, Sadeghi Abdollahi B, Shahram F, Nadji A, Chams-Davatchi C, Faezi T, Shams H, Akhlaghi M, Ghodsi Z, Ashofteh F, Mohtasham N, Kavosi H and Masoumi M

Abstract: It is interesting to note that Behcet’s Disease (BD) is one of those diseases which had an early diagnostic criteria (9 years after its official recognition, with the Curth criteria in 1946), having one of the largest number of classification/diagnosis criteria (17 sets, in 70 years, till 2016), among them only 2 real International Criteria (ISG and ICBD), and having one of the largest international participation (27 countries for ICBD). ... سال انتشار: 2016
 

Validation of the revised International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (ICBD) in Iran

Authers: Fereydoun Davatchi & Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi & Cheyda Chams-Davatchi & Farhad Shahram & Abdolhadi Nadji & Hormoz Shams & Tahereh Faezi & Massoomeh Akhlaghi & Farimah Ashofteh & Maryam Mataji & Kamran Moradi & Negin Mohtasham

Abstract: The first internationally agreed criteria for Behcet’s disease were the International Study Group (ISG) criteria. It had very high specificity, but lacked good sensitivity, missing an important subset of patients. The International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (ICBD) were created in 2006 to overcome this lack of sensitivity. It was revised in 2010. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the revised International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (rICBD) in Iran. In this study, the ISG ... سال انتشار: 2015
 

Prospective study of articular manifestations in Behcet’s disease: five-year report

Authers: Alimohammad FATEMI, 1, 2 Farhad SHAHRAM, 2 Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, 2 Abbas SMILEY, 3 Abdolhadi NADJI2 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI2

Abstract: Aim: To evaluate different aspects of articular involvements (prevalence, types, relation to extra-articular manifestations, etc.) in Iranian patients with Behcet’s disease (BD). Methods: In a prospective study, all patients with BD attending an outpatient BD clinic were enrolled. The type of articular involvements (peripheral or axial), involved joints, duration of attacks and their relation to extraarticular manifestations, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B5 and HLA-B27 were evaluated. Data analysis was done by using descriptive statistical indices such ... سال انتشار: 2015
 

Characterization of the major histocompatibility complex locus association with Behçet’s disease in Iran

مولف: Joana M Xavier1, 2, Fereydoun Davatchi3, Olga Abade4, Farhad Shahram3, Vânia Francisco1, 2, Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi3, Hélder Trindade4, Abdolhadi Nadji3, Niloofar Mojarad Shafiee3, Fahmida Ghaderibarmi3, Dário Ligeiro4 and Sofia A Oliveira1, 2*

خلاصه: Introduction: The aim of this study was to characterize the association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B alleles and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with Behçet’s disease (BD) in an Iranian dataset. Methods: The association of three SNPs in the MHC region previously identified as the most associated in high-density genotyping studies was tested in a case–control study on 973 BD patients and 825 controls from Iran, and the association of HLA-B ... سال انتشار: 2015
 

The relationship between plasma homocysteine level and HLA-B51 in patients with Behcet’s disease: a case-control study

Authers: Soraya SHADMANFAR, 1, 2 Farhad SHAHRAM, 2 Abdolhadi NADJI, 2 Maassoumeh AKHLAGHI, 2 Seyedeh T. FAEZI, 2 Bahar SADEGHI-ABDOLLAHI, 2 Alireza FARIDAR, 2 Nima MADANCHI3 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI2

Abstract: Background: Various coagulation disorders have been reported to explain hypercoagulability state in Behcet’s disease (BD). A possible negative association between human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B51 and increased homocysteine level has been suggested in a previous report from Iranian patients with BD. The aim of this study was to find any possible relationship between plasma homocysteine levels and HLA-B51. Methods: In a case-control study, BD patients (fulfilling the new International Criteria for BD) and controls (who had ... سال انتشار: 2014
 

Osteoporosis in Patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris before Steroid Therapy

Authers: S. Zahra Ghodsi1, 2, Farhad Shahram2, Maryam Daneshpazhooh1, Azam Saadatfar1, and Cheyda Chams-Davatchi1,

Abstract: Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) is often complicated by osteoporosis. Although corticosteroid therapy undoubtedly plays a causative role, inflammation associated with PV may also contribute to osteoporosis. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis in patients with PV before corticosteroid therapy and to compare these findings with those reported previously in healthy volunteers. Newly diagnosed patients with PV who had not received systemic corticosteroids were enrolled. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured both in ... سال انتشار: 2014
 

Genital aphthosis in Behçet’s disease: Is it associated with less eye involvement?

Authers: Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi · Cheyda Chams‑Davatchi · S. Zahra Ghodsi · Farhad Shahram · Abdolhadi Nadji · Massoomeh Akhlaghi · Kamran Moradi · Pedram Paragomi · Golnaz Ghazizadeh Esslami · Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi · Farimah Ashofteh · Fereydoun Davatchi

Abstract: Behçet’s disease (BD) is a multisystem disease classified among the vasculitides with various clinical features. Genital aphthosis (GA) is one of the major manifestations of BD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of BD patients with GA. A cross-sectional sample of BD patients registered in 37 years was selected. We determined clinical and laboratory features of BD patients with GA (GA cases) and compared them with the patients who never developed GA (non-GA cases). The ... سال انتشار: 2014
 

Combination of pulse cyclophosphamide and azathioprine in ocular manifestations of Behcet’s disease: longitudinal study of up to 10 years

Authers: Fereydoun DAVATCHI, Bahar SADEGHI ABDOLLAHI, Hormoz SHAMS, Farhad SHAHRAM, Abdolhadi NADJI, Cheyda CHAMS-DAVATCHI, Tahereh FAEZI, Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, Zahra GHODSI, Farimah ASHOFTEH and Negin MOHTASHAM

Abstract: Aim: Ocular lesions of Behcet’s disease (BD) need aggressive treatment to prevent severe loss of vision or blindness. Cytotoxic drugs are the main therapeutic agents and the first line treatment. Retinal vasculitis is the most aggressive lesion of ocular manifestations and predicts a worse systemic outcome. We present here the outcome with a combination of pulse cyclophosphamide, azathioprine and prednisolone, on long-term usage, up to 10 years, on 295 patients (18 493 eye-months of ... سال انتشار: 2014
 

Clinical and immunological pattern of systemic lupus erythematosus in men in a cohort of 2355 patients

Authers: Seyedeh Tahereh FAEZI, Mahdieh HOSSEINI ALMODARRESI, Mahmood AKBARIAN, Farhad GHARIBDOOST, Masoumeh AKHLAGHI, Ahamadreza JAMSHIDI, Farhad SHAHRAM, Abdolhadi NADJI, Nahid SHAFAIE, Maryam AKHLAGHKHAH, Pedram PARAGOMI and Fereydoun DAVATCHI

Abstract: Aim: To investigate the impact of gender on expression of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a cohort of 2355 SLE patients as one of the largest series of cases among the present reports. Method: In this retrospective study we used medical records of all patients (239 male and 2116 female) of the SLE registry of Rheumatology Research Center (RRC), Tehran University of Medical science (TUMS), Iran. Both clinical and paraclinical manifestations of SLE patients ... سال انتشار: 2014
 

IL10 low-frequency variants in Behcet’s disease patients

Authers: Mafalda MATOS, 1, 2 Joana M. XAVIER, 1, 2 Patrıcia ABRANTES, 1, 2 In^es SOUSA, 1, 2 Nadia REI, 1, 2 Fereydoun DAVATCHI, 3 Farhad SHAHRAM, 3 Gorete JESUS, 4 Filipe BARCELOS, 5 Joana VEDES, 6 Manuel SALGADO, 7

Abstract: Aim: To explain the missing heritability after the genome-wide association studies era, sequencing studies allow the identification of low-frequency variants with a stronger effect on disease risk. Common variants in the interleukin 10 gene (IL10) have been consistently associated with Behcet’s disease (BD) and the goal of this study is to investigate the role of low-frequency IL10 variants in BD susceptibility. Methods: To identify IL10 low-frequency variants, a discovery group of 50 Portuguese BD ... سال انتشار: 2014
 

Iron deficiency state in resistant oral aphthosis of Behcet’s disease

Authers: Taraneh DORMOHAMMADI TOOSI, 1 Farhad SHAHRAM, 1 S. Zahra GHODSI, 2 Abdolhadi NADJI, 1 Arash TEHRANI BANIHASHEMI, 1 Seyyedeh Roghieh LARIMI1 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI1

Abstract: Aim: This study was designed to evaluate iron deficiency as a predisposing factor for resistant oral aphthosis in patients with Behcet’s disease (BD). Methods: In a case control study 220 consecutive BD patients with oral aphthosis were enrolled. All patients had been treated for at least 3 months. They were divided into two groups according to their treatment response (75 patients in the Case and 145 in the Control group). Demographic and clinical characteristics ... سال انتشار: 2014
 

Impact of the positive pathergy test on the performance of classification/diagnosis criteria for Behcet’s disease

Authers: Fereydoun Davatchi • Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi • Cheyda Chams-Davatchi • Farhad Shahram • Zahra Ghodsi • Abdolhadi Nadji • Massoomeh Akhlaghi • Tahereh Faezi • Hormoz Shams • Roghieh Larimi • Farima Ashofteh

Abstract: The only diagnostic test that currently exists for Behcet’s disease (BD) is the pathergy test. A positive pathergy test (PPT) is an important component of many of the 16 sets of classification/diagnosis criteria used to diagnose BD. The aim of this study was to determine the importance of a PTT in the performance of the diagnosis/ classification criteria for BD. Patients and methods All patients listed in the BD registry of the Rheumatology Research Center, Tehran (6,727) and 4,648 ... سال انتشار: 2013
 

Gene expression profiling and association studies implicate the neuregulin signaling pathway in Behçet's disease susceptibility

Authers: Joana M. Xavier & Tiago Krug & Fereydoun Davatchi & Farhad Shahram & Benedita V. Fonseca & Gorete Jesus & Filipe Barcelos & Joana Vedes & Manuel Salgado & Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi & Abdolhadi Nadji & Maria Francisca Moraes-Fontes & Niloofar Mojarad Shafiee

Abstract: Behçet's disease (BD) is a complex disease with genetic and environmental risk factors implicated in its etiology; however, its pathophysiology is poorly understood. To decipher BD's genetic underpinnings, we combined gene expression profiling with pathway analysis and association studies. We compared the gene expression profiles in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 15 patients and 14 matched controls using Affymetrix microarrays and found that the neuregulin signaling pathway was over-represented among the differentially expressed genes. The Epiregulin (EREG), Amphiregulin (AREG), ... سال انتشار: 2013
 

Clinical features of Behcet ’ s disease in patients without oral aphthosis

Authers: Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi 1 , Pedram Paragomi 1 , Farhad Shahram 1 , Hormoz Shams 2 , Cheida Shams-Davatchi 3 , Zahra Ghodsi 3 , Abdolhadi Nadji 1 , Maassoumeh Akhlaghi 1 , and Fereydoun Davatchi 1

Abstract: In current study we evaluated clinical features of Behcet ’ s Disease (BD) in patients without oral aphthosis (NOA cases). Methods. In a cohort of BD, patients registered during a period of 36 years were collected. We determined clinical features of BD NOA cases and compared them with patients with oral aphthosis (OA cases). The comparison was performed by chi square and Fischer ’ s exact test. Results. Among 6821 BD patients, 175 patients (2.56%) ... سال انتشار: 2013
 

Iron deficiency state in resistant oral aphthous of Behcet’s disease

Authers: Taraneh DORMOHAMMADI TOOSI, 1 Farhad SHAHRAM, 1 S. Zahra GHODSI, 2 Abdolhadi NADJI, 1 Arash TEHRANI BANIHASHEMI, 1 Seyyedeh Roghieh LARIMI1 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI1

Abstract: This study was designed to evaluate iron deficiency as a predisposing factor for resistant oral aphthosis in patients with Behcet’s disease (BD). Methods: In a case control study 220 consecutive BD patients with oral aphthosis were enrolled. All patients had been treated for at least 3 months. They were divided into two groups according to their treatment response (75 patients in the Case and 145 in the Control group). Demographic and clinical characteristics of ... سال انتشار: 2013
 

Methotrexate in ocular manifestations of Behcet’s disease: a longitudinal study up to 15 years

Authers: Fereydoun DAVATCHI, Hormoz SHAMS, Farhad SHAHRAM, Abdolhadi NADJI, Cheyda CHAMS-DAVATCHI, Bahar SADEGHI ABDOLLAHI, Tahereh FAEZI, Massoomeh AKHLAGHI and Farimah ASHOFTEH

Abstract: Ocular manifestations of Behcet’s disease (BD) need aggressive treatment to prevent severe loss of vision or blindness. Cytotoxic drugs are the main therapeutic agents and the first line treatment. Methotrexate is the least toxic, used mainly for posterior uveitis. We present here the outcome of eye lesions with methotrexate and prednisolone, in a longitudinal study of up to 15 years, on 682 patients (5447 eye-years of follow-up). Patients and methods: Methotrexate was started at ... سال انتشار: 2013
 

Fc-Gamma Receptor 3B Copy Number Variation Is Not a Risk Factor for Behc¸et’sDisease

Authers: Rachel Black, 1 Sue Lester, 1 Emma Dunstan, 1 Farhad Shahram, 2 Abdolhadi Nadji, 2 Noushin Bayat, 2, 3 Kayvan Saeedfar, 2, 4 Naghmeh Ziaei, 2 Catherine Hill, 1, 5 Maureen Rischmueller, 1, 5 and Fereydoun Davatchi2

Abstract: Behc¸et’s disease (BD) is an immune-mediated systemic vasculitis associated with HLAB51. Other gene associations are likely and may provide further insight into the pathogenesis of this disease. Fc-gamma receptors play an important role in regulating immune function. Copy number variation (CNV) of the Fc-gamma receptor 3B (FCGR3B) gene is associated with other inflammatory conditions and may also play a role in BD. The aim of this study was to determine whether CNV of ... سال انتشار: 2012
 

Behcet’s disease: is there a gender influence on clinical manifestations?

Authers: Fereydoun DAVATCHI, Farhad SHAHRAM, Cheyda CHAMS-DAVATCHI, Bahar SADEGHI ABDOLLAHI, Hormoz SHAMS, Abdolhadi NADJI, Tahereh FAEZI, Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, Zahra GHODSI, Roghieh LARIMI and Farima ASHOFTEH

Abstract: In Behcet’s disease (BD), it is customary to believe that men are more affected than women, major organs are more involved in men, and they have worse outcomes. The male-to-female ratio is reported from 5.37 to 1 (Egypt), to 0.38 to 1 (US). If in the majority of reports BD was seen more frequently in men, in some others it was more frequent in women. The aim of this study was to examine ... سال انتشار: 2012
 

Association Study of IL10 and IL23R–IL12RB2 in Iranian Patients With Behc¸et’s Disease

Authers: Joana M. Xavier, 1 Farhad Shahram, 2 Fereydoun Davatchi, 2 Alexandra Rosa, 3 Jorge Crespo, 4 Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi, 2 Abdolhadi Nadji, 2 Gorete Jesus, 5 Filipe Barcelos, 6 Jose´ Vaz Patto, 6 Niloofar Mojarad Shafiee, 2 Fahmida Ghaderibarim, 2 and Sofia A. Oliveira1

Abstract: Independent replication of the findings from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) remains the gold standard for results validation. Our aim was to test the association of Behc¸et’s disease (BD) with the interleukin-10 gene (IL10) and the IL-23 receptor–IL-12 receptor 2 (IL23R–IL12RB2) locus, each of which has been previously identified as a risk factor for BD in 2 different GWAS. Methods. Six haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL10 and 42 in IL23R–IL12RB2 were genotyped in 973 Iranian patients with BD and 637 non-BD ... سال انتشار: 2012
 

Gender influence on ocular manifestations and their outcome in Behcet’s Disease. A long-term follow-up of up to 20 years

Authers: Fereydoun Davatchi, Farhad Shahram, Hormoz Shams, Abdolhadi Nadji, Cheyda Chams-Davatchi, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi, Farima Ashofteh, Bahar Sadeghi-Abdollahi

Abstract: It is of general belief that males are prone to more frequent, more severe manifestations, and less favorable outcome. We evaluated this hypothesis in ophthalmological manifestations (OM) of Behcet's Disease (BD). Visual acuity (VA), anterior uveitis, posterior uveitis (PU), and retinal vasculitis (RV) were checked, according to Ben Ezra, in 1,515 patients with eye lesions. The data at baseline and last visit were compared. Male/female ratio was 1.2 in the BD registry (6,500 patients) and 1.51 for OM patients ... سال انتشار: 2011