تالیفات

Prevalence of influenza A infection in the Middle-East: A systematic review and meta-analysis  

Prevalence of influenza A infection in the Middle-East: A systematic review and meta-analysis

مولف: Mohsen Moghoofei1 | Seyed Hamidreza Monavari2 | Shayan Mostafaei3, 4 | Shima Hadifar5, 6 | Amir Ghasemi7 | Farhad Babaei1 | Hoda Kavosi4 | Ahmad Tavakoli2 | Davod Javanmard2 | Maryam Esghaei2 | Nilofar Khodabandehlou8

خلاصه: Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine the prevalence rate of influenza virus from different parts of Middle East region, and present an overall relative frequency (RF) for this region. Methods: The authors performed a systematic literature review from several reliable databases such as PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Scopus during 2000–2016. Furthermore, the keywords of this research were ‘Influenza’, ‘Subtype’, ‘Seroprevalence’, ‘Incidence’, ‘Seroepidemiology’, ‘H1N1’, ‘H3N2’, ‘H5N1’, ‘H9N2’, ‘Middle- East’ and ‘Meta-analysis’. The ... سال انتشار: 2018
microRNAs 29, 150, 155, 223 level and their relation to viral and immunological markers in HIV-1 infected naive patients  

microRNAs 29, 150, 155, 223 level and their relation to viral and immunological markers in HIV-1 infected naive patients

مولف: Mohsen Moghoofei1, Farah Bokharaei-Salim1, 2, Maryam Esghaei1, Hossein Keyvani1, Maryam Honardoost3, Shayan Mostafaei4, 5, Amir Ghasemi6, Ahmad Tavakoli1, Davod Javanmard1, Farhad Babaei7, Saba Garshasbi2 & Seyed Hamidreza Monavari*,

خلاصه: Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between microRNAs and viral and immunological markers in HIV-1 infection. Materials & methods: The expression level of miRNAs was evaluated in 60 HIV- 1 patients and 20 healthy controls using real-time PCR assays. Results: The results showed that among all miRNAs, miR-29 and miR-150 were significantly downregulated in HIV-1 patients compared with healthy controls, while miR-155 and miR-223 were significantly upregulated compared with ... سال انتشار: 2018
 

Downregulation of Autophagy-Related Genes in Macrophages From Patients With Behcet’s Disease

مولف: Mohammad Taghi Palizgir1, Maryam Akhtari1, 2, Farhad Shahram1*, Shayan Mostafaei1, Maassoomeh Akhlaghi1, Soheila Sobhani1, Mahdi Mahmoudi1*

خلاصه: Objective: Overwhelming inflammatory chemokines and cytokines characterize the immunological profile and inflammatory settings of Behcet disease (BD). The connection between autophagy-related genes (ATGs) and various perspectives of innate and adaptive immunobiology such as antigen presentation, immune tolerance, lymphocyte development and differentiation, cytokine signaling, and inflammation have been implicated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mRNA expression profile of ATGs in macrophages of patients with BD. Materials and Methods: ... سال انتشار: 2018
 

Curcumin reduces the expression of interleukin 1b and the production of interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha by M1 macrophages from patients with Behcet's disease

مولف: Mohammad Taghi Palizgira, Maryam Akhtaria, b, Mahdi Mahmoudia , Shayan Mostafaeia, Alireza Rezaiemaneshc and Farhad Shahrama

خلاصه: Objective: Behcet's disease (BD) is an auto-inflammatory disorder. Curcumin as a bio-active agent has anti-inflammatory properties. Effects of curcumin on the pathogenesis of BD are still not clear. In this study, we investigated the effect of curcumin on the inflammatory cytokines expression and production in M1 macrophages from BD patients compared with healthy controls. Methods: Monocytes were collected from 10 healthy controls and 20 active BD patients, differentiated to macrophages by macrophage-colony stimulating factor for ... سال انتشار: 2018
 

The association of pathergy reaction and active clinical presentations of Behçet’s disease

مولف: Shirin Assar1, Bahar Sadeghi2, Fereydoun Davatchi2, Seyyedeh Zahra Ghodsi2, Abdolhadi Nadji2, Farhad Shahram2, Farimah Ashofte2, Seyyedeh Roghieh Larimi2, Masoud Sadeghi3

خلاصه: Objectives: The pathergy skin test is a hypersensitivity reaction to a prick skin trauma caused by a pin or a needle, which is considered as a specific presentation in Behçet’s disease (BD) and the precise mechanism of this test is not well elucidated. This study was designed to evaluate the association of pathergy reaction (PR) with the active clinical manifestations of BD patients, to assess the clinical importance of PR. Materials and methods: This was ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Prospective study of articular manifestations in Behcet’s disease: five-year report

مولف: Alimohammad FATEMI, 1, 2 Farhad SHAHRAM, 2 Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, 2 Abbas SMILEY, 3 Abdolhadi NADJI2 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI

خلاصه: Aim: To evaluate different aspects of articular involvements (prevalence, types, relation to extra-articular manifestations, etc.) in Iranian patients with Behcet’s disease (BD). Methods: In a prospective study, all patients with BD attending an outpatient BD clinic were enrolled. The type of articular involvements (peripheral or axial), involved joints, duration of attacks and their relation to extraarticular manifestations, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B5 and HLA-B27 were evaluated. Data analysis was done by using descriptive statistical indices such ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Prevalence of Influenza A Infection in the Middle-East: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

مولف: Mohsen Moghoofei1, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari2, Shayan Mostafaei3, 4, Shima Hadifar5, 6, Amir Ghasemi7, Farhad Babaei1, Hoda Kavosi5, Ahmad Tavakoli2 , Davod Javanmard2, Maryam Esghaei2*, Nilofar Khodabandehlou8*

خلاصه: Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine the prevalence rate of influenza virus from different parts of Middle East region, and present an overall relative frequency (RF) for this region. Methods: The authors performed a systematic literature review from several reliable databases such as PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Scopus during 2000–2016. Furthermore, the keywords of this research were “Influenza”, “Subtype”, “Seroprevalence”, “Incidence”, “Seroepidemiology”, “H1N1”, “H3N2”, “H5N1”, “H9N2”, “Middle-East”, and “Metaanalysis”. The reported ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Prevalence and Clinical Investigation of the Behcet’s Disease in Middle East and North Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

مولف: Mohammadtaghi Palizgir, 1 Mahdi Mahmoudi, 1 Mostafa Qorbani, 2 Shirin Djalalinia, 3 Shayan Mostafaei, 4 and Farhad Shahram1, *

خلاصه: Context: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine the prevalence (by overall relative frequency) and clinical information of the Behcet’s disease in Middle East and north Africa (MENA) and it has an important effect on the health policy and performing complementary studies in future. Evidence Acquisition: We performed this systematic literature review from several databases including PubMed, Scopus and ISI Web of Science according to search strategy with two filters, place (MENA ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Macrophages from Behcet's Disease Patients Express Decreased Level of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AHR) mRNA

مولف: Mohammad Taghi Palizgir1, Maryam Akhtari1, 2, Mahdi Mahmoudi1, Shayan Mostafaei1, Alireza Rezaeimanesh3, Massoomeh Akhlaghi1, and Farhad Shahram1

خلاصه: Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, connecting environmental stimulators with the immune system. M1 macrophages are a part of immune system that contribute to the inflammatory events in the pathogenesis of Behcet's disease (BD). The effect of AHR on the macrophages in BD patients is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the mRNA expression of AHR in the monocyte-derived and M1 macrophages in active BD patients ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

IRF7 gene expression profile and methylation of its promoter region in patients with systemic sclerosis

مولف: Ramazan REZAEI, 1, 2 Mahdi MAHMOUDI, 1 Farhad GHARIBDOOST, 1 Hoda KAVOSI, 1 Navid DASHTI, 1, 2 Vahideh IMENI, 1 Ahmadreza JAMSHIDI, 1 Saeed ASLANI, 1 Shayan MOSTAFAEI1 and Mohammad VODJGANI2

خلاصه: Objective: The aim of the current study was to evaluate if methylation status of CpG sites of interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) promoter in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is involved in pathogenesis of the disease. Methods: PBMCs were isolated from whole blood of 50 SSc patients and 30 controls. After the extraction of total RNA and DNA contents from PBMCs, complementary DNA (cDNA) was synthesized. Afterwards, quantitative analysis of ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

High-dose intravenous steroid pulse therapy in ocular involvement of Behcet’s disease: a pilot double-blind control study

مولف: Mastaneh MOHAMMADI, 1 Farhad SHAHRAM, 1 Hormoz SHAMS, 1, 2 Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, 1 Farimah ASHOFTEH1 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI1

خلاصه: Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of intravenous high-dose pulses of methylprednisolone (IVPM) for treatment of ocular involvement in Behcet’s disease (BD). Method: In a double-blind control study, we randomized BD patients with posterior uveitis (PU) and/or retinal vasculitis (RV) into two groups. They received either IVPM (1000 mg methylprednisolone) or placebo for 3 consecutive days. Both groups received combination therapy with IV cyclophosphamide, azathioprine and prednisolone for 6 months. Visual acuity (VA), Disease Activity Index ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Evaluation of TLR9 expression on PBMCs and CpG ODN-TLR9 ligation on IFN-α production in SLE patients

مولف: Sahar Mortezagholi, Zohreh Babaloo, Parisa Rahimzadeh, Haideh Namdari, Mojgan Ghaedi, Farhad Gharibdoost, Reza Mirzaei, Katayoon Bidad & Eisa Salehi

خلاصه: ABSTRACT Context: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by autoreactive antibodies. Recent findings revealed the importance of innate immune responses, especially Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the pathogenesis of SLE. Objective: In this study, the level of TLR9 expression on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was analyzed. The levels of produced IFN-a were also measured in supernatant of PBMCs from SLE patients and healthy controls after stimulation with CpG ODN2216 which is a ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Downregulation of Aquaporin3 in Systemic Sclerosis Dermal Fibroblasts

مولف: Bahman Yousefi1, 2, Mahdi Mahmoudi1, Abdolfattah Sarafnejad2, Elham Karimizadeh1, Elham Farhadi3, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi1, Hoda Kavosi1, Saeed Aslani1, and Farhad Gharibdoost1

خلاصه: Skin dryness and thickening are hallmarks of systemic sclerosis (SSc) disease. Aquaporins (AQPs) are plasma membrane proteins that transport glycerol and water, resulting in water retention and skin hydration. Expression of AQPs has been evaluated in human normal skin. However, expression of these proteins in SSc dermal fibroblasts has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to assess the expression profile of AQPs in dermal fibroblasts of ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Behcet’s Disease: Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis

مولف: Fereydoun Davatchi, Cheyda Chams-davatchi, Hormoz Shams, Farhad Shahram, Abdolhadi Nadji, Massoomeh Akhlaghi, Tahreh Faezi, Zahra Ghodsi, Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi, Farimah Ashofteh, Negin Mohtasham, Hoda Kavosi & Mariam Masoumi

خلاصه: Introduction: Behcet’s Disease (BD) is classified among vasculitides. The aim of this review was to put together different known reports in order to help the reader to better understand the disease, to avoid the frequent misdiagnosis, and to decide the best treatment. Areas covered: a) Epidemiology: BD is rare, and is seen along the Silk Road, from 20 to 420/100,000 in Turkey and 80/100,000 in Iran, to 0.64/100,000 in the UK. b) Clinical manifestations: oral ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Association Study of CD226 and CD247 Genes Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Iranian Patients with Systemic Sclerosis

مولف: Fatemeh Abbasi1, Reza Mansouri1, Farhad Gharibdoost2, Saeed Aslani2, Shayan Mostafaei2, Hoda Kavosi2, Shiva Poursani2, Soheila Sobhani2, and Mahdi Mahmoudi2

خلاصه: CD247 and CD226 play important roles in signaling of lymphocytes. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of genes encoding CD247 and CD226 have been associated with the risk of several autoimmune disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the possible association between CD226 and CD247 genes SNPs and risk of systemic sclerosis (SSc) in Iranian population. Study participants were 455 SSc patients and 455 age, sex, and ethnic -matched healthy individuals. Genotyping of rs2056626 ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Analysis of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) and their HLA ligand genes polymorphisms in Iranian patients with systemic sclerosis

مولف: Mahdi Mahmoudi1 & Faranak Fallahian2 & Soheila Sobhani1 & Shima Ghoroghi1 & Ahmadreza Jamshidi1 & Shiva Poursani 1 & Masoumeh Dolati2 & Zahra Hosseinpour1 & Farhad Gharibdoost1

خلاصه: Abstract Genetic factors have a great role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases by cooperating with environmental stimuli. Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are cell surface proteins on NK cells whose association with major histocompatibility complex-I regulates their killing function. The aim of this study was to provide information on the possible association between KIR and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes with systemic sclerosis disease in Iranian population. A total of 279 systemic sclerosis patients and 451 healthy controls were ... سال انتشار: 2017
 

Inhibition of MicroRNA-21 induces apoptosis in dermal fibroblasts of patients with systemic sclerosis

Authers: Saeideh Jafarinejad-Farsangi1, PhD, Ali Farazmand1, PhD, Farhad Gharibdoost2, MD, Elham Karimizadeh1, PhD, Farshid Noorbakhsh3, PhD, Habibeh Faridani2, MD, Mahdi Mahmoudi2, PhD, and Ahmad Reza Jamshidi2, MD

Abstract: Prolonged activation of dermal fibroblasts is the main cause of progressive fibrosis in systemic sclerosis (SSc). It seems that inhibition of apoptosis in SSc fibroblasts deregulates fibrosis. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is a pro-fibrotic factor with high expression in lesional areas of SSc skin and fibroblasts. Methods The effects of miR-21 on expression of Bcl-2 and Bax, two apoptotic genes, in dermal fibroblasts of SSc patients were evaluated using real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. Apoptotic ... سال انتشار: 2016
 

Headache in Behcet’s disease: types and characteristics

Authers: Maryam Moghaddassi1, Mansoureh Togha2, 3*, Farhad Shahram1, Hamed Hanif4, Sahar Dadkhah5, Soodeh Razeghi Jahromi6 and Mohammad Mozafari2

Abstract: Behcet’s disease involves several systems in the body. Neurological involvement is identified by different symptoms. Headache is one of the common complaints of patients with Behcet’s disease. It might be a part of neurological involvement or may arise independently in the course of disease. Studies with small sample size have resulted in various findings in this field. Since the prevalence of Behcet’s disease is relatively high in Iran, this study was carried out to ... سال انتشار: 2016
 

Headache in Behcet’s disease: types and characteristics

Authers: Maryam Moghaddassi1, Mansoureh Togha2, 3*, Farhad Shahram1, Hamed Hanif4, Sahar Dadkhah5, Soodeh Razeghi Jahromi6 and Mohammad Mozafari2

Abstract: Behcet’s disease involves several systems in the body. Neurological involvement is identified by different symptoms. Headache is one of the common complaints of patients with Behcet’s disease. It might be a part of neurological involvement or may arise independently in the course of disease. Studies with small sample size have resulted in various findings in this field. Since the prevalence of Behcet’s disease is relatively high in Iran, this study was carried out to ... سال انتشار: 2016
 

Analysis of Killer Cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptor Genes and Their HLA Ligands in Iranian Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis

Authers: Mahdi Mahmoudi1, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi1, Jafar Karami1, 2, Alireza Mohseni3, Ali Akbar Amirzargar2, 4, Elham Farhadi5, Nooshin Ahmadzadeh1, and Mohammad Hossein Nicknam2, 4

Abstract: Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic rheumatic disease which mainly involves the axial skeleton. It seems that non-HLA genes, as well as HLA-B27 gene, are linked to the etiology of the disease. Recently, it has been documented that KIRs and their HLA ligands are contributed to the Ankylosing Spondylitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the KIR genes and their HLA ligands in Iranian AS patients and healthy ... سال انتشار: 2016
 

Adult Behcet’s disease in Iran: analysis of 6075 patients

Authers: Fereydoun DAVATCHI, Cheyda CHAMS-DAVATCHI, Hormoz SHAMS, Abdolhadi NADJI, Tahereh FAEZI, Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, Bahar SADEGHI ABDOLLAHI, Farimah ASHOFTEH, Zahra GHODSI, Negin MOHTASHAM and Farhad SHAHRAM

Abstract: This is an analysis of adult Behcet’s disease (BD) in Iran, from the Iran Registry of 7187 BD patients, gathered from 1975 to 2014, among which 6075 were adults (84.5%). Patients: Patients were seen by a multidisciplinary team of experts. The diagnosis was by expert opinion, not by any specific classification/diagnosis criteria. However, 96.8% of them were classified by the International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (ICBD). Adult BDs were patients who had their first ... سال انتشار: 2016
 

Validation of the revised International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (ICBD) in Iran

Authers: Fereydoun Davatchi & Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi & Cheyda Chams-Davatchi & Farhad Shahram & Abdolhadi Nadji & Hormoz Shams & Tahereh Faezi & Massoomeh Akhlaghi & Farimah Ashofteh & Maryam Mataji & Kamran Moradi & Negin Mohtasham

Abstract: The first internationally agreed criteria for Behcet’s disease were the International Study Group (ISG) criteria. It had very high specificity, but lacked good sensitivity, missing an important subset of patients. The International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (ICBD) were created in 2006 to overcome this lack of sensitivity. It was revised in 2010. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the revised International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (rICBD) in Iran. In this study, the ISG ... سال انتشار: 2015
 

Prospective study of articular manifestations in Behcet’s disease: five-year report

Authers: Alimohammad FATEMI, 1, 2 Farhad SHAHRAM, 2 Massoomeh AKHLAGHI, 2 Abbas SMILEY, 3 Abdolhadi NADJI2 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI2

Abstract: Aim: To evaluate different aspects of articular involvements (prevalence, types, relation to extra-articular manifestations, etc.) in Iranian patients with Behcet’s disease (BD). Methods: In a prospective study, all patients with BD attending an outpatient BD clinic were enrolled. The type of articular involvements (peripheral or axial), involved joints, duration of attacks and their relation to extraarticular manifestations, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B5 and HLA-B27 were evaluated. Data analysis was done by using descriptive statistical indices such ... سال انتشار: 2015
 

HerbalmedicineIMODsuppressesLPS-inducedproductionofproinflammatorycytokinesinhumandendriticcells

Authers: Saeedeh Mirzaee1†, AgataDrewniak1†, RaminSarrami-Forooshani1, TanjaM.Kaptein1, FarhadGharibdoost2 and TeunisB.H.Geijtenbeek1*

Abstract: Traditional medicines thatstimulateormodulatetheimmunesystemcanbeusedasinnovativeapproachestotreatimmunologicaldiseases.TheherbalmedicineIMODhasbeenshowntostronglymodulateimmuneresponsesinseveralanimalstudiesaswellasinclinicaltrials.However,littleisknownaboutthemechanismsofIMODtomodulateimmunity.HerewehaveinvestigatedwhetherIMODmodulatestheimmunologicalfunctionofhumandendriticcells(DCs).IMODalonedidnotinduceDCmaturationnorproductionofcytokines.Notably,IMODdecreasedtheproductionofpro-inflammatorycytokinesIL-6,IL-12p70,andTNFαbyLPS-activatedDCsatbothmRNAandproteinlevelsinadosedependentmanner.Incontrast,treatmentwithIMODdidnotaffectLPSinduced-productionoftheanti-inflammatorycytokineIL-10.Furthermore,IMODinhibitedTcellactivation/proliferationbyLPS-treatedDCsandskewedT-cellsresponsestowardtheThelpertype2polarization.ThesedatastronglyindicatethatIMODhasapotentimmunomodulatoryabilitythataffectsTLRsignalingandtherebymodulatesDCfunction.InsightintotheimmunomodulatoryeffectofherbalmedicineIMODmayprovideinnovativestrategiestoaffecttheimmunesystemandtohelpcombatvarousdiseases. Keywords:IMOD,immune-modulation,LPS,pro-inflammatorycytokines,dendriticcells سال انتشار: 2015
 

Gender differences in Iranian patients with ankylosing spondylitis

Authers: Abtin Shahlaee & Mahdi Mahmoudi & Mohammad Hossein Nicknam & Elham Farhadi & Sasan Fallahi & Ahmad Reza Jamshidi

Abstract: Abstract Inequalities in features and severity of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have been noticed between men and women, suggesting a possible influence of gender on disease phenotypes. Comparing disease features and characterization of gender differences in clinical features and medications could help elucidate the potential influence of gender on the severity of AS in patients. This study aims to assess the influence of gender on disease patterns in Iranian patients with AS. Three hundred and twenty patients diagnosed with ... سال انتشار: 2015
 

Characterization of the major histocompatibility complex locus association with Behçet’s disease in Iran

مولف: Joana M Xavier1, 2, Fereydoun Davatchi3, Olga Abade4, Farhad Shahram3, Vânia Francisco1, 2, Bahar Sadeghi Abdollahi3, Hélder Trindade4, Abdolhadi Nadji3, Niloofar Mojarad Shafiee3, Fahmida Ghaderibarmi3, Dário Ligeiro4 and Sofia A Oliveira1, 2*

خلاصه: Introduction: The aim of this study was to characterize the association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B alleles and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with Behçet’s disease (BD) in an Iranian dataset. Methods: The association of three SNPs in the MHC region previously identified as the most associated in high-density genotyping studies was tested in a case–control study on 973 BD patients and 825 controls from Iran, and the association of HLA-B ... سال انتشار: 2015
 

c-Abl silencing reduced the inhibitory effects of TGF-b1 on apoptosis in systemic sclerosis dermal fibroblasts

مولف: Elham Karimizadeh1 • Farhad Gharibdoost2 • Nasrin Motamed1 • Saeideh Jafarinejad-Farsangi1 • Ahmadreza Jamshidi2 • Mahdi Mahmoudi

خلاصه: It is generally accepted that the apoptosis of myofibroblasts is a crucial event in the normal wound healing. Delay in myofibroblasts apoptosis results in fibrotic diseases such as systemic sclerosis (SSc). Transforming growth factor-b1 (TGF-b1) is an important cytokine to induce fibroblasts differentiation into myofibroblasts. Cellular Abelson (c-Abl) is known as a TGF-b1- modulating molecule in fibrosis. The role of c-Abl, TGFb1, and their interaction in SSc myofibroblasts apoptosis has not yet been fully explored. The aim of this ... سال انتشار: 2015
 

The relationship between plasma homocysteine level and HLA-B51 in patients with Behcet’s disease: a case-control study

Authers: Soraya SHADMANFAR, 1, 2 Farhad SHAHRAM, 2 Abdolhadi NADJI, 2 Maassoumeh AKHLAGHI, 2 Seyedeh T. FAEZI, 2 Bahar SADEGHI-ABDOLLAHI, 2 Alireza FARIDAR, 2 Nima MADANCHI3 and Fereydoun DAVATCHI2

Abstract: Background: Various coagulation disorders have been reported to explain hypercoagulability state in Behcet’s disease (BD). A possible negative association between human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B51 and increased homocysteine level has been suggested in a previous report from Iranian patients with BD. The aim of this study was to find any possible relationship between plasma homocysteine levels and HLA-B51. Methods: In a case-control study, BD patients (fulfilling the new International Criteria for BD) and controls (who had ... سال انتشار: 2014
 

Prevalence and severity of depression and anxiety in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: An epidemiologic study in Iranian patients

Authers: Masoumeh Kheirandish , Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi , Pedram Paragomi , Maassoumeh Akhlaghi , Farhad Gharibdoost , Ashraf Shahali , Mahboubeh Ebrahimpour Fini, and Mahmood Akbarian

Abstract: Objectives . We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and explore their association with demographic and clinical features. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, 166 SLE patients in rheumatology center of Shariati hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences were enrolled. SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) and Beck and Cattell inventories for evaluation of depression and anxiety were completed for each patient. Results. The mean age of patients was ... سال انتشار: 2014
 

RAC1 single nucleotide polymor-phisms in Crohn’s disease

Authers: Mohammad TaheraNasser Ebrahimi DaryaniaMona HedayatbMohammad EslamianaElham Farhadic, dMahdi MahmoudieSamira ShirzadfMohammd Kazem Nouri TaromlouaMeghedi ChaharmahaligMohammad Hossein NicknamcMohammad BashashatihNima

Abstract: diseaseRac1 is a regulator for cellular motility, proliferation andtransformation. A recent showed that mutations of RAC1gene are associated with higher risk of inflammatory boweldisease (IBD). These mutations increase the expression ofRac1 protein and intriguingly, loss of Rac1 expression resultsin protection from colitis [1,2].Thus we conducted a case-control study on 67 patientswith Crohn’s disease (CD) and 78 healthy individuals toidentify whether there is any association between CD andsingle nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) ... سال انتشار: 2014