Association of STAT4 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms with Iranian juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus patients


خلاصه: SUMMARY: Salmaninejad A, Mahmoudi M, Aslani S, Poursani S, Ziaee V, Rezaei N. Association of STAT4 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms with Iranian juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 144-149. Juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) is a complex autoimmune disease, characterized by multi-organ involvement. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) gene have been reported to have relationship with the risk of several autoimmune diseases. Studies have provided evidence that STAT4 may participate in the pathogenesis of JSLE. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association of STAT4 SNPs with JSLE in Iranian population. In this case-control study, two SNPs of STAT4 gene, including rs7574865 and rs7601754 were genotyped in 50 Iranian JSLE patients and 281 matched healthy individuals using real-time PCR allelic discrimination approach. Our experiments demonstrated that G and T alleles of rs7574865 SNP had similar distribution between patients and controls (P = 0.16). Additionally, differences in frequency of GG, GT, and TT genotypes (P = 0.14, 0.29, and 0.54, respectively) were not significant. Likewise, A and G alleles, as well as genotypes of rs7601754 SNP did not show significant differences between JSLE patients and healthy individuals. Lack of association of rs7574865 and rs7601754 SNPs in STAT4 gene with susceptibility to JSLE in Iranian population, despite their association with the risk of adult SLE in the same population, implicates on difference of genetic background of JSLE and SLE. Key words: children, juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, SNP, STAT4.