c-Abl silencing reduced the inhibitory effects of TGF-b1 on apoptosis in systemic sclerosis dermal fibroblasts

خلاصه: It is generally accepted that the apoptosis of myofibroblasts is a crucial event in the normal wound healing. Delay in myofibroblasts apoptosis results in fibrotic diseases such as systemic sclerosis (SSc). Transforming growth factor-b1 (TGF-b1) is an important cytokine to induce fibroblasts differentiation into myofibroblasts. Cellular Abelson (c-Abl) is known as a TGF-b1- modulating molecule in fibrosis. The role of c-Abl, TGFb1, and their interaction in SSc myofibroblasts apoptosis has not yet been fully explored. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether TGF-b1 and inhibition of c-Abl influence Bax to Bcl-2 ratio and apoptosis in SSc and healthy dermal fibroblasts. We also would like to know whether there is interaction between TGF-b1 and c-Abl in connection with fibroblasts apoptosis or not. Bax to Bcl-2 ratio was determined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting. Apoptosis was detected using annexin V and nuclear staining with Hoechst dye. Our results demonstrated that inhibition of c-Abl increased SSc and healthy dermal fibroblasts susceptibility to apoptosis through increasing in Bax to Bcl-2 mRNA and protein ratios, whereas TGF-b1 promoted healthy fibroblasts resistance to apoptosis via decreasing Bax to Bcl-2 mRNA and protein ratios. In addition, c-Abl silencing reduced the effects of TGF-b1 on Bax to Bcl-2 mRNA and protein ratios. These results suggested that TGF-b1 and c-Abl individually may prevent the deletion of myofibroblasts from wounds and result in fibrosis. Results also proposed that silencing of c-Abl may promote myofibroblasts elimination from wound lesions through reduction in the TGF-b1 inhibitory effects on apoptosis.