Diagnosis/Classification Criteria for Behcet’s Disease

Abstract: Historical Background. The ISG criteria for Behcet’s, created in 1990, have excellent specificity, but lack sensitivity. The International Criteria for Behcet’s Disease (ICBD) was created in 2006, as replacement to ISG. The aim of this study was to compare their performance. ISG and ICBD Criteria. For ISG oral aphthosis is mandatory. The presence of any two of the following (genital aphthosis, skin lesions, eye lesions, and positive pathergy test) will diagnose/classify the patient as BD. For ICBD, vascular lesions were added, while oral aphthosis is no more mandatory. Getting 3 or more points diagnose/classify the patient as BD (genital aphthosis 2 points, eye lesions 2 points, and the remaining each one point). Performance and Comparison of ISG and ICBD. Their sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy (percent agreement), were tested in three independent cohort of patients from Far- East (China), Middle-East (Iran), and Europe (Germany). The sensitivity for ISG was respectively 65.4%, 78.1%, 83.7% and for ICBD 87%, 98.2%, and 96.5%. The specificity for ISG was 99.2%, 98.8%, 89.5% and for ICBD 94.1%, 95.6%, and 73.7%. The accuracy for ISG was 74.2%, 85.5%, 85.5% and for ICBD 88.9%, 97.3%, and 89.5%. Conclusion. ICBD has better sensitivity, and accuracy than ISG.