Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates causing pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis in the capital of Iran

خلاصه: Objectives: Evaluation of the genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) and determining if the association between a specific genotype and the site of infection is crucial. Accordingly, the current study aimed at comparing predominant M.tb genotypes in pulmonary (PTB) and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) isolates circulating in the capital of Iran. Methods: The genetic diversity of culture-confirmed PTB and EPTB isolates were evaluated by Spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTR (mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit–variable-number tandem-repeat) typing methods. Genotyping data were analyzed with SITVIT, MIRU-VNTRplus, and TBminer databases. To assess adjusted associations, chi-square/the Fisher exact test and multiple logistic regression model were applied. Results: URAL2 (NEW-1) (28/88; 31.8%) and CAS1-DELHI (25/84; 29.8%) genotypes were predominant in EPTB and PTB strains, respectively. Based on MIRU-VNTR typing, 158 different MIRU-VNTR patterns were identified. Clustering rate and minimum estimate of the proportion of TB caused by recent transmission was 4.1% and 8.1%, respectively. Conclusions: The current study provided new insight into circulating genotypes of M.tb in PTB and EPTB patients in Tehran, Iran. This low percentage of TB transmission rate, demonstrated that mode of TB transmission was mainly associated with reactivation of latent TB rather than recently transmitted infection in this region. There was no significant difference in the association between the genotypes of M.tb strains and the site of the disease.

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